The book of god pdf

Emblem of the Papacy SE. Christianity over competing religions and philosophies and that Christianity was not responsible for the Sack of Rome, but instead was responsible for its success. He attempted to console Christians, writing that even if the earthly rule of the The book of god pdf was imperiled, it was the City of God that would ultimately triumph. Augustine declared its message to be spiritual rather than political.

City of God, a conflict that is destined to end in victory for the latter. The City of God is marked by people who forego earthly pleasure to dedicate themselves to the eternal truths of God, now revealed fully in the Christian faith. The Earthly City, on the other hand, consists of people who have immersed themselves in the cares and pleasures of the present, passing world. This metaphysical war is not limited by time but only by geography on Earth. This book updates universal history according to Augustine’s thesis of universal war between those humans that follow God and those who follow the Devil. However, this great undertaking was at last completed in twenty-two books.

Of these, the first five refute those who fancy that the polytheistic worship is necessary in order to secure worldly prosperity, and that all these overwhelming calamities have befallen us in consequence of its prohibition. In the following five books I address myself to those who admit that such calamities have at all times attended, and will at all times attend, the human race, and that they constantly recur in forms more or less disastrous, varying only in the scenes, occasions, and persons on whom they light, but, while admitting this, maintain that the worship of the gods is advantageous for the life to come. But that no one might have occasion to say, that though I had refuted the tenets of other men, I had omitted to establish my own, I devote to this object the second part of this work, which comprises twelve books, although I have not scrupled, as occasion offered, either to advance my own opinions in the first ten books, or to demolish the arguments of my opponents in the last twelve. Of these twelve books, the first four contain an account of the origin of these two cities—the city of God, and the city of the world.

Book I: a criticism of the pagans who attribute the sack of Rome to Christianity despite being saved by taking refuge in Christian churches. The book also explains good and bad things happen to righteous and wicked people alike, and it consoles the women violated in the recent calamity. Book II: a proof that because of the worship of the pagan gods, Rome suffered the greatest calamity of all, that is, moral corruption. Book IV: a proof that the power and long duration of the Roman empire was due not to the pagan gods but to the Christian God. Book V: a refutation of the doctrine of fate and an explanation of the Christian doctrine of free will and its consistency with God’s omniscience.

The book proves that Rome’s dominion was due to the virtue of the Romans and explains the true happiness of the Christian emperors. Augustine claimed that even the esteemed pagan theologist Varro held the gods in contempt. Book VII: a demonstration that eternal life is not granted by Janus, Jupiter, Saturn, and other select gods. Book IX: a proof that all demons are evil and that only Christ can provide man with eternal happiness. Book X: a teaching that the good angels wish that God alone is worshipped and a proof that no sacrifice can lead to purification except that of Christ. Book XII: answers to why some angels are good and others bad, and a close examination of the creation of man.