Small animal clinical nutrition pdf

According to Edmund Searles in his article “Food and the Making of Modern Inuit Identities”, they consume this type of diet because a mostly meat diet is “effective in keeping the body warm, making the body strong, keeping the body fit, and even making that body healthy”. Inuit hunters most often hunt juvenile whales which, compared to adults, are safer to hunt and have tastier skin. Inuit small animal clinical nutrition pdf and is often the largest part of an Inuit hunter’s diet. There has been a decline of hunting partially due to the fact that young people lack the skills to survive off the land.

Ringed seals are hunted all year, while harp seals are only available during the summer. Through these, Inuit hunters are able to capture seals. When a hunter arrives at these holes, they set up a seal indicator that alerts the hunter when a seal is coming up for a breath of air. A walrus is too large to be controlled by one man, so it cannot be hunted alone. Inuit elder describes the hunt of a walrus in these words: “When a walrus was sighted, the two hunters would run to get close to it and at a short distance it is necessary to stop when the walrus’s head was submerged the walrus would hear you approach.

In the meantime, the other person would drive the harpoon into the ice through the harpoon loop to secure it. Similar to walrus, bowhead whales are captured by harpoon. The hunters use active pursuit to harpoon the whale and follow it during attack. At times, Inuit were known for using a more passive approach when hunting whales.

According to John Bennett and Susan Rowley, a hunter would harpoon the whale and instead of pursuing it, would “wait patiently for the winds, currents, and spirits to aid him in bringing the whale to shore. Caribou have excellent senses of smell and hearing so that the hunters must be very careful when in pursuit. Often, Inuit hunters set up camp miles away from the caribou crossing and wait until they are in full view to attack. There are many ways in which the caribou can be captured, including spearing, forcing caribou into the river, using blinders, scaring the caribou, and stalking the caribou. The hunter cuts a square hole in the ice on the lake and fishes using a fish lure and spear. Instead of using a hook on a line, Inuit use a fake fish attached to the line.

They lower it into the water and move it around as if it is real. When the live fish approach it, they spear the fish before it has a chance to eat the fake fish. Inuit studied in the 1970s were found to have abnormally large livers, presumably to assist in this process. Because some of the meat the Inuit eat is raw and fresh, or freshly frozen, they can obtain more carbohydrates from their meat, as dietary glycogen, than Westerners can. Inuit eat have significant glycogen stores, which assist those animals when oxygen is depleted on prolonged dives. C they contain, which would be destroyed by cooking, is instead preserved.

Searles defines Inuit food as mostly “eaten frozen, raw, or boiled, with very little mixture of ingredients and with very few spices added. One common way to eat the meat hunted is frozen. Many hunters will eat the food that they hunt on location where they found it. This keeps their blood flowing and their bodies warm. One peculiar custom of eating meat at the hunting site pertains to fish.

Inuit eat only two main meals a day, but it is common to eat many snacks every hour. Customs among Inuit when eating and preparing food are very strict and may seem odd for people of different cultures. From here, anyone in the house is able to cut off a piece of meat. Inuit eat only when hungry.

Sometimes, though, meals are announced to the whole camp. A woman does this by the shout of “Ujuk! After a hunt, the eating habits differ from normal meals. When a seal is brought home, the hunters quickly gather around it to receive their pieces of meat first. This happens because the hunters are the coldest and hungriest among the camp and need the warm seal blood and meat to warm them. The seal is cut in a specific way directly after a hunt.

Hunters first eat pieces of liver or they use a tea cup to gather some blood to drink. Women and children are accustomed to eating different parts of the seal because they wait until the hunters are done eating. Inuit are known for their practice of food sharing, a form of food distribution where one person catches the food and shares with the entire community. Food sharing was first documented among the Inuit in 1910 when a little girl decided to take a platter around to four neighboring families who had no food of their own. Younger couples would give food from their hunt to the elders, most often their parents, as a sign of respect. Food sharing was not only a tradition, but also a way for families to make bonds with one another.