Rfid based attendance system project report pdf

The chip has not yet been miniaturized. Since April 2009, a Japanese company has manufactured reusable financial smart cards made from paper. An important patent for smart cards with a rfid based attendance system project report pdf and memory as used today was filed by Jürgen Dethloff in 1976 and granted as USP 4105156 in 1978.

At that time, Bull had 1,200 patents related to smart cards. They entered European service in the mid-1990s. Mobile phones are widely used in Europe, so smart cards have become very common. The United States started using the EMV technology in 2014. The first version of the EMV system was released in 1994. In 1998 the specifications became stable. EMVco’s purpose is to assure the various financial institutions and retailers that the specifications retain backward compatibility with the 1998 version.

EMVco upgraded the specifications in 2000 and 2004. The United States has felt pushed to use the technology because of the increase in identity theft. The credit card information stolen from Target in late 2013 was one of the largest indicators that American credit card information is not safe. Target made the decision on April 30, 2014 that it would try to implement the smart chip technology in order to protect itself from future credit card identity theft.

Before 2014, the consensus in America was that there was enough security measures to avoid credit card theft and that the smart chip was not necessary. The cost of the smart chip technology was significant, which was why most of the corporations did not want to pay for it in the United States. The debate came when online credit theft was insecure enough for the United States to invest in the technology. The adaptation of EMV’s increased significantly in 2015 when the liability shifts occurred in October by the credit card companies. They are becoming more popular for payment and ticketing. Typical uses include mass transit and motorway tolls.

Smart cards are also being introduced for identification and entitlement by regional, national, and international organizations. These uses include citizen cards, drivers’ licenses, and patient cards. 4 by 4 mm silicon chip in a SIM card, which was peeled open. Note the thin gold bonding wires and the regular, rectangular digital-memory areas. Reset signal, used to reset the card’s communications.