Project management methodologies pdf

Project Management Methodologies – Learn Project Management Concepts using simple and precise free downloadable tutorials. Prepare for PMI certification and become an efficient Project Project management methodologies pdf. Project, Management, Concepts, Conflict, Crisis, Motivation, RACI Chart. In order to achieve goals and planned results within a defined schedule and a budget, a manager uses a project.

Regardless of which field or which trade, there are assortments of methodologies to help managers at every stage of a project from the initiation to implementation to the closure. In this tutorial, we will try to discuss the most commonly used project management methodologies. A methodology is a model, which project managers employ for the design, planning, implementation and achievement of their project objectives. There are different project management methodologies to benefit different projects. For example, there is a specific methodology, which NASA uses to build a space station while the Navy employs a different methodology to build submarines. Hence, there are different project management methodologies that cater to the needs of different projects spanned across different business domains.

In this methodology, the project scope is a variable. Additionally, the time and the cost are constants for the project. Therefore, during the project execution, the project scope is adjusted in order to get the maximum business value from the project. Agile software development methodology is for a project that needs extreme agility in requirements. In crystal method, the project processes are given a low priority.

Instead of the processes, this method focuses more on team communication, team member skills, people and interaction. Crystal methods come under agile category. This is also a subset of agile software development methodology and boasts about the training and documents support this methodology has. This method emphasizes more on the active user involvement during the project life cycle. Lowering the cost of requirement changes is the main objective of extreme programming. XP emphasizes on fine scale feedback, continuous process, shared understanding and programmer welfare.

In XP, there is no detailed requirements specification or software architecture built. This methodology is more focused on simple and well-defined processes, short iterative and feature driven delivery cycles. All the planning and execution in this project type take place based on the features. This methodology is a collection of best practices in project management. ITIL covers a broad aspect of project management which starts from the organizational management level.

Involving the client from the early stages with the project tasks is emphasized by this methodology. The project team and the client hold JAD sessions collaboratively in order to get the contribution from the client. These JAD sessions take place during the entire project life cycle. Lean development focuses on developing change-tolerance software. In this method, satisfying the customer comes as the highest priority. The team is motivated to provide the highest value for the money paid by the customer. PRINCE2 takes a process-based approach to project management.

This methodology is based on eight high-level processes. This methodology focuses on developing products faster with higher quality. When it comes to gathering requirements, it uses the workshop method. Prototyping is used for getting clear requirements and re-use the software components to accelerate the development timelines. In this method, all types of internal communications are considered informal.