Pathophysiology of cough pdf

Pathophysiology of cough pdf documentation is available here. The sound of a person coughing.

Coughing is either voluntary or involuntary. Frequent coughing usually indicates the presence of a disease. As it is a natural protective reflex, suppressing the cough reflex might have damaging effects, especially if the cough is productive. A cough can be classified by its duration, character, quality, and timing.

A number of characteristic coughs exist. A cough in children may be either a normal physiological reflex or due to an underlying cause. In healthy children it may be normal in the absence of any disease to cough ten times a day. In adults with a chronic cough, i. In the vast majority of cases, acute coughs, i.

3 weeks, are due to the common cold. In people with a normal chest X-ray, tuberculosis is a rare finding. Pertussis is increasingly being recognised as a cause of troublesome coughing in adults. Symptoms may include a tightness in the chest, and a tickle in the throat. This cough may often persist for weeks after an illness. The repetition of coughing produces inflammation which produces discomfort, which in turn produces more coughing.

Postinfectious cough typically does not respond to conventional cough treatments. A bronchodilator, which helps open up the airways, may also help treat this type of cough. Asthma is a common cause of chronic cough in adults and children. Coughing may be the only symptom the person has from their asthma, or asthma symptoms may also include wheezing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in their chest. Treatment of the asthma should make the cough go away.