Making connections 2 pdf

Apophenia has come to imply a universal making connections 2 pdf tendency to seek patterns in random information, such as gambling. This figure may be perceived as a face, despite having only a few of the features of a face. Pareidolia is a type of apophenia involving the perception of images or sounds in random stimuli. Pareidolia usually occurs as a result of the fusiform face area, which is the part of the human brain that is responsible in seeing faces, mistakenly interpreting an object, shape or configuration with some kind of perceived “face-like” features as being a face.

Overfitting occurs when a statistical model fits the noise rather than the signal. The model overfits the particular data or observations rather than fitting a generalizable pattern in a general population. Confirmation bias is often seen as the direct influence of desire or beliefs. It is the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms a person’s preconceptions or the hypothesis that they intend to put forth.

This can often lead to people seeing clusters or patterns in data sometimes inadvertently to prove their ideas. Such meanings are entirely self-referential, solipsistic, and paranoid—”being observed, spoken about, the object of eavesdropping, followed by strangers”. Thus the English term “apophenia” has a somewhat different meaning than that which Conrad defined when he coined the term “Apophänie”. Shermer wrote that humans have “the tendency to infuse patterns with meaning, intention, and agency”, which he called “agenticity”.

He asserted that dream precognition is real, and that randomania is the reason why some people dismiss it. Many theories have been disproven as a result of this bias being brought up. Another case, during the early 2000s, involved the occurrence of breast cancer amongst the female employees at ABC Studios in Queensland. A study found that the incidence of breast cancer at the Studios was 6 times higher than the rate in the rest of Queensland. However, an examination found no correlation between the heightened incidence and any factors related to the site, genetic or lifestyle factors of the employees. Apophenia is commonly referred to as an error in perception.