Jewish wisdom for business success pdf

Wisdom has been defined in many different ways, a variety of measurement scales have been developed, and several subtypes of wisdom have been proposed. In the psychological literature however the construct of wisdom does not have jewish wisdom for business success pdf commonly accepted definition. Athena is said to have sprung from the head of Zeus. She was portrayed as strong, fair, merciful, and chaste.

She also represents skillful knowledge and the virtues, especially chastity. Her symbol was the owl which is still a popular representation of wisdom, because it can see in darkness. She was said to be born from Jupiter’s forehead. Christians to pursue the latter. In Buddhist traditions, developing wisdom plays a central role where comprehensive guidance on how to develop wisdom is provided.

In many cultures, the name for third molars, which are the last teeth to grow, is etymologically linked with wisdom, e. Traditionally, schools share the responsibility to build character and wisdom along with parents and the community. Wisdom is the application of knowledge to attain a positive goal by receiving instruction in governing oneself. Psychologists have gathered data on commonly held beliefs or folk theories about wisdom. These analyses indicate that although “there is an overlap of the implicit theory of wisdom with intelligence, perceptiveness, spirituality and shrewdness, it is evident that wisdom is an expertise in dealing with difficult questions of life and adaptation to the complex requirements. Wisdom is the ability to deal with the contradictions of a specific situation and to assess the consequences of an action for themselves and for others.

It is achieved when in a concrete situation, a balance between intrapersonal, inter- personal and institutional interests can be prepared”. Tolerance towards uncertainty in life with unconditional acceptance. Wisdom leads a person to overcome feelings of helplessness, powerlessness, anger or aggression by non-understanding of external elements and internal acknowledgement. It leads to a change from the experience of meaninglessness to meaningful goals, prospects for coping with critical life events and to engage constructively with complex life problems. Displaying sound judgement in a complex, dynamic environment is a hallmark of wisdom. He states “this results in an increased ability to predict behavior or events which then may be used to benefit self or others. He furthermore adds “there is more often a desire to share the accrued benefits with a larger group for the purpose of promoting survival, cohesion, or well-being of that group.

The benefits do not result from malicious or antisocial intents or inequitable behavior. Environmental factors, such as family, education, socioeconomic status, culture, and religion, are involved in generating the milieu in which the personal value system develops. Many of these same factors also influence how a given community decides whether wisdom is present or not. IQ or gender, older adults possess better reasoning about societal and interpersonal conflicts. Sapiential perspective of wisdom is said to lie in the heart of every religion, where it is often acquired through intuitive knowing. This type of wisdom is described as going beyond mere practical wisdom and includes self-knowledge, interconnectedness, conditioned origination of mind-states and other deeper understandings of subjective experience. Ea, was the God of wisdom and intelligence.