Honest work a business ethics reader pdf

It is generally a personal choice to hold oneself to consistent moral and ethical standards. As such, one may judge honest work a business ethics reader pdf others “have integrity” to the extent that they act according to the values, beliefs and principles they claim to hold.

An individual must therefore be flexible and willing to adjust these values to maintain consistency when these values are challenged—such as when an expected test result is not congruent with all observed outcomes. Integrity can be seen as the state or condition of having such a framework, and acting congruently within the given framework. In law, this principle of universal application requires that even those in positions of official power be subject to the same laws as pertain to their fellow citizens. In personal ethics, this principle requires that one should not act according to any rule that one would not wish to see universally followed.

For example, one should not steal unless one would want to live in a world in which everyone was a thief. When caught, he defended his actions in terms of the fact-value distinction. He scoffed at those, like the professors from whom he learned the fact-value distinction, who still lived their lives as if there were truth-value to value claims. He thought they were fools and that he was one of the few who had the courage and integrity to live a consistent life in light of the truth that value judgments, including the command “Thou shalt not kill,” are merely subjective assertions. Integrity is important for politicians because they are chosen, appointed, or elected to serve society.

To be able to serve, politicians are given power to make, execute, or control policy. They have the power to influence something or someone. There is, however, a risk that politicians will not use this power to serve society. Aristotle said that because rulers have power they will be tempted to use it for personal gain. It is important that politicians withstand this temptation, and that requires integrity. Muel Kaptein describes that integrity starts with that politicians should know what their position entails, because integrity is related to their position.

Integrity also demands knowledge and compliance with both the letter and the spirit of the written and unwritten rules. Integrity is also acting consistently not only with what is generally accepted as moral, what others think, but primarily with what is ethical, what politicians should do based on reasonable arguments. Furthermore, integrity is not just about why a politician acts in a certain way, but also about who the politician is. Questions about a person’s integrity cast doubt not only on their intentions but also on the source of those intentions, the person’s character. So integrity is about having the right ethical virtues that become visible in a pattern of behavior.

Important virtues of politicians are faithfulness, humility. Furthermore, they should be authentic and a role model. Dworkin argues that moral principles that people hold dear are often wrong, even to the extent that certain crimes are acceptable if one’s principles are skewed enough. Out of the idea that law is ‘interpretive’ in this way, Dworkin argues that in every situation where people’s legal rights are controversial, the best interpretation involves the right answer thesis, the thesis that there exists a right answer as a matter of law that the judge must discover. Dworkin opposes the notion that judges have a discretion in such difficult cases. Identifying unsuitable candidates can save the employer from problems that might otherwise arise during their term of employment.

Since people seldom sincerely declare to prospective employers their past deviance, the “integrity” testers adopted an indirect approach: letting the work-candidates talk about what they think of the deviance of other people, considered in general, as a written answer demanded by the questions of the “integrity test”. Specifically, “integrity tests” assume that people who have a history of deviance report within such tests that they support harsher measures applied to the deviance exhibited by other people. The claim that such tests can detect “fake” answers plays a crucial role in detecting people who have low integrity. Naive respondents really believe this pretense and behave accordingly, reporting some of their past deviance and their thoughts about the deviance of others, fearing that if they do not answer truthfully their untrue answers will reveal their “low integrity”. These respondents believe that the more candid they are in their answers, the higher their “integrity score” will be. Popular psychology identifies personal integrity, professional integrity, artistic integrity, and intellectual integrity. The “integrity” of a brand is regarded by some as a desirable outcome for companies seeking to maintain a consistent, unambiguous position in the mind of their audience.

Kaptein and Wempe have developed a theory of corporate integrity including criteria for businesses dealing with moral dilemmas. Integrity: A Positive Model that Incorporates the Normative Phenomenon of Morality, Ethics, and Legality”. In this paper the authors explore a new model of integrity as the state of being whole and complete, unbroken, unimpaired, sound, and in perfect condition. They posit a new model of integrity that provides access to increased performance for individuals, groups, organizations, and societies.

Their model “reveals the causal link between integrity and increased performance, quality of life, and value-creation for all entities, and provides access to that causal link. According to Muel Kaptein, integrity is not a one-dimensional concept. In his book he presents a multifaceted perspective of integrity. Integrity relates to, for example, compliance to the rules as well as to social expectations, with morality as well as ethics, and with actions as well as attitude. Electronic signals are said to have integrity when there is no corruption of information between one domain and another, such as from a disk drive to a computer display.