Economic geography a contemporary introduction pdf download

Understood in its broadest sense, ‘The economy is defined as a social domain that emphasizes the practices, discourses, and economic geography a contemporary introduction pdf download expressions associated with the production, use, and management of resources’. Economic agents can be individuals, businesses, organizations, or governments.

Monetary transactions only account for a small part of the economic domain. Economic activity is spurred by production which uses natural resources, labor, and capital. A given economy is the result of a set of processes that involves its culture, values, education, technological evolution, history, social organization, political structure and legal systems, as well as its geography, natural resource endowment, and ecology, as main factors. These factors give context, content, and set the conditions and parameters in which an economy functions.

In other words, the economic domain is a social domain of human practices and transactions. It does not stand alone. The first recorded sense of the word “economy” is in the phrase “the management of Ĺ“conomic affairs”, found in a work possibly composed in a monastery in 1440. Economy” is later recorded in more general senses, including “thrift” and “administration”. The most frequently used current sense, denoting “the economic system of a country or an area”, seems not to have developed until the 19th or 20th century. Storage room, Palace of Knossos. They developed the first known codified legal and administrative systems, complete with courts, jails, and government records.

British Pound was originally a unit denominating a one-pound mass of silver. For most people, the exchange of goods occurred through social relationships. There were also traders who bartered in the marketplaces. Europe allowed states to use the immense property of the church for the development of towns.

Great Depression, policymakers searched for new ways of controlling the course of the economy. 90s and especially in the beginning of the 21st century. In the late 00s, the new type of economies and economic expansions of countries like China, Brazil, and India bring attention and interest to different from the usually dominating Western type economies and economic models. The economy may be considered as having developed through the following Phases or Degrees of Precedence.

The economic growth took place mostly in mining, construction and manufacturing industries. A coal miner and a fisherman would be workers in the primary degree. Involves the transformation of raw or intermediate materials into goods e. A builder and a dressmaker would be workers in the secondary degree.

A shopkeeper and an accountant would be workers in the tertiary degree. Involves the research and development needed to produce products from natural resources and their subsequent by-products. There are a number of ways to measure economic activity of a nation. Gross domestic product of a country is a measure of the size of its economy. While often useful, GDP only includes economic activity for which money is exchanged.