Co dependents anonymous book pdf

Among the core characteristics of codependency, co dependents anonymous book pdf most common theme is an excessive reliance on other people for approval and a sense of identity. In its broadest definition, a codependent is someone who cannot function from their innate self and whose thinking and behavior is instead organized around another person, or even a process, or substance.

In this context, people who are addicted to a substance, like drugs, or a process, like gambling or sex, can also be considered codependent. It was subsequently broadened to cover the way “that the codependent person is fixated on another person for approval, sustenance, and so on. Dependency” is well-established in psychological literature. The definition and criteria have changed in the different versions of the DSM. By DSM-IV, there were nine criteria with an essential feature of a pervasive or lifetime pattern of dependent and submissive behavior.

The DSM-IV definition emphasized the excessive need to be taken care of, leading to submissive and clinging behavior and fear of separation. In 1941, she proposed that some people adopt what she termed a “Moving Toward” personality style to overcome their basic anxiety. Essentially, these people move toward others by gaining their approval and affection, and subconsciously control them through their dependent style. They are unselfish, virtuous, martyr-like, faithful, and turn the other cheek despite personal humiliation.

Approval from others is more important than respecting themselves. 1951, 16 years after Alcoholics Anonymous was founded. The expansion of the meaning of codependency happened very publicly. 1985, sold two and a half million copies and spawned Twelve Step groups across the country for women “addicted” to men. The first Co-Dependents Anonymous meeting was held October 22, 1986. Codependency does not refer to all caring behavior or feelings, but only those that are excessive to an unhealthy degree. Some scholars and treatment providers feel that codependency is an overresponsibility and that overresponsibility needs to be understood as a positive impulse gone awry.