Christopher guy catalogue pdf

For a very long time, it was believed that Columbus and his crew had been the first Europeans to make landfall in the Americas. Asia, christopher guy catalogue pdf access the sources of spices and other oriental goods. European power interested in pursuing trade routes overseas.

Spain decided to fund Columbus’s expedition in hopes of bypassing Portugal’s lock on Africa and the Indian Ocean, reaching Asia by traveling west. The king submitted the proposal to his experts, who rejected it after several years. In 1488 Columbus appealed to the court of Portugal, receiving a new invitation for an audience with King John II. Portugal following a successful rounding of the southern tip of Africa. With an eastern sea route now under its control, Portugal was no longer interested in trailblazing a western trade route to Asia crossing unknown seas. Castile and Aragon to finance the expedition.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. 1469, uniting the two largest kingdoms into what would later be the Spanish Crown. May 1, 1489, he presented his plans to Queen Isabella, who referred them to a committee. They pronounced the idea impractical, and advised the monarchs not to support the proposed venture. After continually asking, nagging, begging, and crying for the monarchs to support his plan at the royal court and enduring two years of negotiations, Columbus finally succeeded in January 1492.

The monarchs left it to the royal treasurer to shift funds among various royal accounts on behalf of the enterprise. Columbus was to be made “Admiral of the Seas” and would receive a portion of all profits. The terms were unusually generous but, as his son later wrote, the monarchs were not confident of his return. According to Columbus’s contract made for the expedition commission by Queen Isabella for Castile, if Columbus claimed any new islands or mainland for the Crown, he would receive many high rewards. He had the right to nominate three people, from whom the sovereigns would choose one, for any office in the new lands. He would be entitled to ten per cent of all the revenues from the new lands in perpetuity.

1453, the land route to Asia became more difficult. Earth with good precision in the 2nd century BC. Where Columbus did differ from the generally accepted view of his time was in his incorrect arguments that assumed a significantly smaller diameter for the Earth, claiming that Asia could be easily reached by sailing west across the Atlantic. Columbus’s claim that the Earth was much smaller, and that Asia was only a few thousand nautical miles to the west of Europe. Columbus’s error was attributed to his insufficient experience in navigation at sea. 225 degrees, leaving only 135 degrees of water.