Anatomy of the thorax pdf

This page was last edited on 7 May 2017, at 23:47. This article is about anatomy of the thorax pdf anatomy concept. Surface projections of the organs of the trunk.

The corresponding area in an animal can also be referred to as the chest. Level with this line the second ribs join the sternum, and when these are found the lower ribs can often be counted. The ribs of the thorax are numbered in ascending order from 1-12. 12 are known as floating ribs because they have no anterior attachment point in particular the cartilage attached to the sternum, as 1-7 are, and therefore are termed “floating”. Whereas ribs 8-10 are termed false ribs as their costal cartilage articulates with the costal cartilage of the rib above. The apex of a normal heart is in the fifth left intercostal space, three and a half inches from the mid-line.

Click here to scroll through the image stacks. Sepsis due to leakage of alimentary tract contents, as in esophageal perforations, also must be considered. The pain associated with these injuries can make breathing difficult, and this may compromise ventilation. The pain can trigger cardiac issues as well. Not all pain that is felt is associated with the heart, but it should not be taken lightly either. Symptoms can be different depending on the cause of the pain.

While cardiac issues cause feelings of sudden pressure in the chest or a crushing pain in the back, neck and arms, pain that is felt due to non cardiac issues gives a burning feeling along the digestive tract or pain when deep breaths are attempted. Different people feel pains differently for the same condition. Only a patient truly knows if the symptoms are mild or serious. If this condition is present in the body, discomfort will be felt in the chest that is similar to a heavy weight placed on the body. If heart attack occurs, the bulk of damage is caused during the first six hours, so getting the proper treatment quickly as possible is important. Some people, especially those who are elderly or have diabetes, may not have typical chest pain but may have many of the other symptoms of a heart attack.

It is important that these patients and their care givers have a good understanding of heart attack symptoms. Chest wall pain can be experienced after an increase in activity. Persons who add exercise to their daily routine generally feel this type of pain at the beginning. It is important to monitor the pain to ensure that it is not a sign of something more serious. This virus is also accompanied by fever and cough.